Island Records is a British-Jamaican record label that operates as a division of Universal Music Group (UMG). It was founded by Chris Blackwell, Graeme Goodall and Leslie Kong in Jamaica in 1959. Blackwell sold the label to PolyGram in 1989. Island and another label recently acquired by PolyGram, A&M Records, were both at the time the largest independent record labels in history, with Island in particular having exerted a major influence on the progressive UK music scene in the early 1970s.
Island Records merged with Def Jam Recordings creates The Island Def Jam Music Group. Three Island labels exist in the world: Island UK, Island US, and Island Australia, with the main label operating out of London. Notable artists include Hozier, Demi Lovato, Fall Out Boy, The Killers, Leona Lewis, U2, Mumford & Sons, Amy Winehouse, Ben Howard, Florence + The Machine, Sigrid, John Newman, Catfish and the Bottlemen, Disclosure, Big Shaq, AlunaGeorge, Keane, Annie Lennox, JP Cooper, PJ Harvey, John Martyn, Nick Jonas, Robyn, Shawn Mendes, Jessie J and Iggy Azalea.